Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy Biography (Paragraph) in English

The following paragraph (biography) is about Acharya (Dr) Prafulla Chandra Roy [PC Roy] in about 100 & 500 words in English. The paragraph is for classes 7, 8, 9 & 10. Read the paragraph carefully and learn about this great person. So let’s begin.

Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy Paragraph

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TopicDr Prafulla Chandra Roy
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Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy’s Biography (Long)

Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy was a renowned Indian scientist and chemist. He was born on August 2, 1861, in the village of Raruli-Katipara in West Bengal, India. He is best known for his significant contributions to the field of chemistry and his role in the development of modern science in India.

Education and Early Career

Prafulla Chandra Roy began his education at the Hare School and later attended the Presidency College in Calcutta (now Kolkata). He excelled in his studies and pursued further education in chemistry at the University of Edinburgh in Scotland. There, he conducted research under the guidance of renowned chemists like Alexander Crum Brown and Carl Schorlemmer. He earned a Bachelor of Science degree from Edinburgh in 1887.

Scientific Contributions

Upon his return to India, Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy dedicated himself to scientific research and education. He founded the Bengal Chemical and Pharmaceutical Works in 1892. It was a pioneering effort to promote indigenous chemical research and industrial production. Under his leadership, the company played a crucial role in manufacturing chemicals and pharmaceuticals in India.

Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy’s research contributions were diverse. He made significant strides in various areas of chemistry, including organic, inorganic and pharmaceutical chemistry. His work on the synthesis of mercurous nitrite and the development of new chemical methods earned him international recognition. He also conducted research on indigenous medicinal plants and traditional Indian medicines.

Education and Advocacy

Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy was not only a scientist but also a passionate educator. He served as a professor at the Presidency College where he inspired and mentored numerous students. His dedication to education led to the establishment of the University Science College in Kolkata.


Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy’s impact on Indian science and education was profound. His advocacy for scientific research, indigenous chemical industries and the development of modern education systems left an indelible mark. He received numerous awards and honours during his lifetime, including the title of “Acharya,” which means “teacher” in Sanskrit.

Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy passed away on June 16, 1944. However, his legacy continues to inspire generations of scientists and educators in India. His contributions to chemistry and education remain a testament to his enduring influence on the scientific community in India and beyond.

Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy 100 words

Acharya Prafulla Chandra Roy was an illustrious son of Bengal. This great scientist was born on August 2, 1861, in Khulna, now in Bangladesh. After his primary education in the village Pathshala, he came to Calcutta. In 1879 he passed the Entrance examination from Hare School. From Metropolitan College he passed the F.A. examination in 1882 and won the Gilchrist Scholarship. He then went to London and obtained his B.Sc. and D.Sc. degrees from Edinburgh University. Returning home he joined the Presidency College as a professor in 1889. He invented Mercurous Nitrate in 1896 and established the famous Bengal Chemicals four years later. He was appointed the Palit Professor of the Science College in 1916. This great son of Bengal passed away in 1944.

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FAQ On Dr P C Roy

1. Date of birth of Acharya P C Roy

He was born on August 2, 1861, in Khulna, now in Bangladesh.

2. What he is famous for?

He invented Mercurous Nitrate in 1896 and established the famous Bengal Chemicals four years later.

3. Books of Acharya Prafulla Ch Roy

A famous book of Acharya Prafulla Ch Roy is A History of Hindu Chemistry from the Earliest Times to the Middle of the Sixteenth Century A.D.

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